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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.petrol.c0048808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-228-0
...Abstract Abstract The welds joining the liner and shell of a fluid catalytic cracking unit failed. The shell was made of ASTM A515 carbon steel welded with E7018 filler metal. The liner was made of type 405 stainless steel and was plug welded to the shell using ER309 and ER310 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048835
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... areas during examination of a naphtha desulfurizer by ultrasonic shear wave techniques. Defect indications were found in longitudinal and circumferential seam welds of the ASTM A204, grade A, steel sheet. The vessel was found to have a type 405 stainless steel liner for corrosion protection...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001304
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Abstract Abstract An exhaust diffuser assembly failed prematurely in service. The failure occurred near the intake end of the assembly and involved fracture in the diffuser cone (Corten), diffuser in take flange (type 310 stainless steel), diffuser exit flange (type 405 stainless steel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001609
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... , 1973 , 29 ( 9 ), pp. 337 – 60 . 10.5006/0010-9312-29.9.337 2. Anon. : “ Stainless Steel, Allegheny Ludlum Blue Sheets: Types 405, 410, 430, 439, and 446 ,” Allegheny Ludlum Steel Corp. , Pittsburgh, PA , 1980 . 3. Grobner P.J. : “ The 885 °F (475 °C) Embrittlement of Ferritic...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001823
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... of the tensile testing for the pipe section are shown in Table 3 . The tensile properties for the base metal were determined to be 405 MPa (yield strength (YS)) and 530 MPa (UTS), respectively. The base metal tensile properties meet the minimum YS and UTS specifications for API 5L Grade X46 line pipe steels...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048158
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... in the turbine stages were: Stage 1: 462 °C (864 °F) Stage 2: 405 °C (761 °F) Stage 3: 372 °C (702 °F) Stage 4: 351 °C (664 °F) Stage 5: 330 °C (626 °F) Stage 6: 313 °C (595 °F) Investigation Conclusions Corrective Measures Selected Reference Selected Reference...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001072
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... crack cross section at or near cover origin. “A” is enlarged in Fig. 8 . Unetched. 43×. Fig. 8 Higher-magnification view of “A” in Fig. 7 . Area “B” crack deposit contained potentially corrosive sulfur. Area “C” crack contained both sulfur and chlorine. Unetched. 405×. The material...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c0009190
EISBN: 978-1-62708-225-9
... contact. This gearbox was reassembled and run under one-half load until its oil sump temperature reached equilibrium at 95 °C (200 °F). For this application, the ambient temperature was in the range of 10 to 50 °C (50 to 125 °F). The center distance of the gears was 405 mm (16 in.) and the pitch line...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001086
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... boundaries or Precipitates. Etched in Kalling's reagent. 81×. Fig. 20 Higher-magnification view of Fig. 19 . Note the absence of undesirable grain-boundary precipitates. Etched in Kalling's reagent. 405×. The actual and specified chemical properties of one vane are compared in Table 1...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0048801
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... of the crack in the longitudinal seam weld, were not available for this analysis. Three samples containing parts of the fracture surface were received: a 165- x 285-mm (6.5- x 11.25-in.) section near the end of the fracture in the longitudinal seam weld as well as 205-x 405-mm (8- x 16-in.) and 180- x 330-mm...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001347
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
..., the localized stress at the shell to nozzle connection at the north and south outer diameter (assuming a monoblock attachment and that plane sections remain plane), reach an ultimate stress at about 2.8 MPa (405 psi). The classical solutions provide useful data for estimating critical crack sizes. In our case...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c0001784
EISBN: 978-1-62708-218-1
... 302–321 980 142 825 120 440 64 350 51 220 32 160 23 321–352 1040 151 895 130 470 68 365 53 225 33 160 23 352–375 1145 166 1015 147 510 74 395 57 235 34 165 24 375–401 1215 176 1090 158 535 78 405 59 240 35 170 25 401–429 1295 188 1180 171...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001108
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Techniques,” Technical Paper, Imperial Chemical Industries , Cleveland, U.K. , Oct 1986 , p 405 – 414 . 2. Metals Handbook , 9th ed. , Vol 3 , Properties and Selection: Stainless Steels, Tool Materials and Special Purpose Metals , American Society for Metals , 1980 , p 214 . Selected...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.steel.c9001668
EISBN: 978-1-62708-232-7
... References References 1. ASTM Specification A449-84A, “Quenched and Tempered Steel Bolts and Studs” . 2. Shaw W. J. D. , “Fracture Toughness of IN-9021 Aluminum Alloy.” Metallography , Vol. 18 , pp. 405 – 412 ( November 1985 ). 10.1016/0026-0800(85)90008-4 Selected References...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001112
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... similar to cuts made in the beam that failed was made at one end. Failure did not occur at either of the cuts. The width of the I-section where material was removed decreased from 450 mm (18 in.) to 405 mm (16 in.), in contrast to the increase from 450 mm (18 in.) to 550 mm (22 in.) that occurred...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001799
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Simulated-Service Testing Discussion Conclusion References References 1. ASM Metal Handbook , Properties and Selection, Iron and Steels , vol. 1 , 9th edn. , p. 405 . American Society for Metals , Metals Park, OH ( 1978 ) 2. Kaufman H.N. , Boyd J. , Gillette C.R...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001312
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... strength of annealed copper at an intermediate pressure level of about 2.8 MPa (405 psi) ( Fig. 11 ). The hoop stresses may reach the yield strength of annealed copper even at lower pressure levels at some localized zones where wall thickness would have been less than the nominal wall thickness (e.g...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001606
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...,” in Modern Physical Metallurgy and Materials Engineering , 6th ed. , Butterworth Heineman , Oxford, England , 1999 , pp. 394 – 405 . 4. Piotrowski G. : Proc. of Symp. on Retrieval and Analysis of Orthopedic Implants , NBS Spec. Pub. #472, National Bureau of Standards , Gaithersburg, MD...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
..., and 405 mm (16 in.) at the shaft mount end. The cone varies in thickness from approximately 44 to 57 mm (1.745 to 2.25 in.). Five blades are attached to the cone over an attachment length of approximately 1525 mm (60 in.). The blades vary in thickness from approximately 30 mm ( 1 1 8 in.) near...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1