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316L (austenitic wrought stainless steel)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001773
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... findings, it was determined that the cracks and associated leak were the result of chloride stress-corrosion cracking. spiral heat exchanger corrosion chloride contamination stainless steel transgranular cracks chemical analysis residual stress 316L (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001841
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... stents fracture ultrasonic vibration damage stainless steel nitinol striations beach marks SEM analysis natural frequency 316L (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603 nitinol (nickel-titanium shape memory alloy) UNS N01555 Background Case Study 1: 316L Stainless Steel Stent...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001266
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... fatigue fracture. Metallographic examination of samples revealed an extremely large grain size and corroborated fatigue fracture. Chemical analysis indicated that the material conformed to the requirements for type 316L stainless steel. Substandard-size tensile bars machined from another prosthesis from...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... Mo Co N Fe 0.034 0.46 1.85 0.032 0.026 16.40 9.90 2.11 0.13 0.189 bal Table 3 shows the limits of chemical composition for 316L austenitic stainless steel prescribed by standard ASTM A 276–92 [ 7 ] (maximum or range). The nitrogen content is above and the nickel content...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 316L stainless steel (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603 Introduction Identification of MIC Case 1—Failure of a Stainless Steel Heat Exchanger due to Poor Procedures Case 2—Failure of Bypass Pipeline due to Poor Operations Case 3—Failure of a Laboratory Drain Line due...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001804
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.../BF02715380 3. Triantafyllidis G.K. , Kazantzis A.V. , Karageorgiou K.T. , Premature fracture of a stainless steel 316L orthopaedic plate implant by alternative episodes of fatigue and cleavage decoherence . Eng. Fail. Anal. 14 , 1346 – 1350 ( 2007 ) 10.1016/j.engfailanal...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
EISBN: 978-1-62708-226-6
...Abstract Abstract Stainless steel is frequently used for bone fracture fixation in spite of its sensitivity to pitting and cracking in chloride containing environments (such as organic fluids) and its susceptibility to fatigue and corrosion fatigue. A 316L stainless steel plate implant used...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of the type shown in Fig. 2(s) , which had been in the body for 24 years, showed no signs of corrosion. This nail was produced from a low-carbon remelted type 316L stainless steel. Example 2: Retrieved Bone Screw Made From Cobalt-Chromium-Molybdenum Alloy with Casting Defects Portions of the threads...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001803
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... discussed. orthopedic implant devices fracture corrosion inclusions and stress gaps medical materials cracking fretting pitting fractography fracture toughness Ti6Al4V (titanium-aluminum-vanadium alloy) UNS R56406 316L stainless steel (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S31603...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... cracking initiation on type 316L stainless steel in high temperature and high pressure water . J. Phys. Confer. Ser. 165 ( 2009 ). 10.1088/1742-6596/165/1/012009 Selected References Selected References • Warke W.R. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking , Failure Analysis and Prevention...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... in the annealed condition with a weld of type 308 stainless steel. Figure 1(b) shows intergranular caustic SCC of 316L stainless steel. Fig. 1 Branching cracks typical of stress-corrosion cracking (SCC). (a) Chloride SCC of type 304 stainless steel base metal and type 308 weld metal in an aqueous...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... aluminum alone normally is not polarized to its pitting potential. In many environments, aluminum can be used in contact with chromium or stainless steels with only slight acceleration of corrosion; chromium and stainless steels are easily polarized cathodically in mild environments, so...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... these conditions. Corrosion of aluminum in contact with more cathodic metals is much less severe in solutions of most nonhalide salts, in which aluminum alone normally is not polarized to its pitting potential. In many environments, aluminum can be used in contact with chromium or stainless steels with only...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006838
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... Powder Metallurgy Association , 2015 , p 1 14. Irrinki H. , Barmore B. , Dexter M. , Stitzel J. , Badwe S. , Pasebani S. , and Atre S.V. , AM-Properties and Failure Analysis: Effects of Powder Characteristics on the DMLS of 17-4PH Stainless Steel , European...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... spall under very light loads. Fig. 23 (a) Broken tooth in chuck jaw after hardening and nitriding. (b) Micrograph showing initiation of crack in brittle white layer and propagation along nitride formed in austenite grain boundaries. Original magnification: 300× Ferritic stainless steels...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cracking Alloy Environment Carbon steel Hot nitrate, hydroxide, and carbonate/bicarbonate solutions High-strength steels Aqueous electrolytes, particularly when containing H 2 S Austenitic stainless steels Hot, concentrated chloride solutions; chloride-contaminated steam; hot...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006812
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... is involved. As an example of improper material specification or use, galvanized steel clips were welded to austenitic stainless steel piping. The galvanized (zinc) coating became molten during the welding process, and the liquid zinc attacked the grain boundaries under shrinkage stresses in the stainless...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of carbon steel for alloy or stainless steel, or vice versa ( Ref 1 ). Summary of statistics on pressure vessel failures compiled from 1981 through 1984 by the National Board of Boiler and Pressure Vessel Inspectors Table 1 Summary of statistics on pressure vessel failures compiled from 1981 through...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003562
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... pitting produced when an austenitic stainless steel ball is fretted against an austenitic stainless steel flat in 0.1 N H 2 SO 4 Fig. 28 Effect of ion implantation on the coefficient of friction in fretting of IMI 550 titanium alloy at 500 °C (930 °F) Fig. 29 Cracking of “glaze” oxide...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a combination of morphologies. Fig. 11 Examples of fracture surfaces in face-centered cubic (fcc) metals. (a) Austenitic 316L stainless steel with variable sizes of equiaxed/tensile dimples. 690×. Courtesy of Mohan Chaudhari, Columbus Metallurgical Services. (b) 2014-T6 aluminum alloy where unstable...