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304 (austenitic wrought stainless steel)

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001825
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... stainless steel longitudinal and transverse cracks SEM/EDS fracture surface analysis tensile stress 304 (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S30400 Introduction Test Procedures Results Discussion and Conclusions References References 1. Lund R. , Fatigue Fracture...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001581
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
...Abstract Abstract A heavily worked 304 stainless steel wire basket recrystallized and distorted while in service at 650 deg C (1200 deg F). This case study demonstrates that heavily cold worked austenitic stainless steel components can experience large losses in creep strength, and potentially...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
...Abstract Abstract Corrosion in a closed-loop cooling water system constructed of austenitic stainless steel occurred during an extended lay up of the system with biologically contaminated water. The characteristics of the failure were those of microbiologically influenced corrosion (MIC...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001770
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... did it include a postweld heat treatment to remove weld sensitization and minimize residual stresses. storage tank corrosion welding defects stainless steel transgranular cracks fractography impact absorbed energy AISI 304 (austenitic stainless steel) UNS S30400 AISI 308 (austenitic...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006760
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... of the wrought product. The waste products of the microbes are generally what cause the chemical attack ( Fig. 17 ). Fig. 17 (a) Microbe-induced corrosion (MIC) in 304 stainless steel. (b) Tunneling of MIC in same material shown in (a). Electrolytic oxalic acid etch. (c) Scanning electron microscope image...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001536
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... to 260 °C (400 to 500 °F) and a pressure of 6.9 MPa (1000 psi). In addition to wrought type 304 stainless steel piping material, the affected portion of the loop included a 90° elbow and an adjacent 15° elbow (or wedge), both forged of type 304 stainless steel. The weld filler metal was type 308...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... removal Fig. 3 Vibratory cavitation erosion of type 304 austenitic stainless steel. (a) Linear deformation features and boundary definition. (b) Material removal at upheaved grain boundary Fig. 4 Striated fracture surface in type 304 stainless steel early in material-removal stage...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003553
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... rolled, extruded, or forged products are stressed in the short-transverse direction. In wrought austenitic stainless steels, crack paths are usually transgranular if proper heat treatment has been employed. However, if thermal processing has produced sensitization because of carbide precipitation...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001819
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... a soft austenitic 304 stainless steel and exhibited minimal surface corrosion. The corrosion products of the plate impregnate the surrounding tissues, as seen on the microprobe analysis shown in Fig. 6(c) . Fig. 6 Failed historic Lane plate. (a) Heavily corroded Lane plate from chromium steel...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006785
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... cracking Alloy Environment Carbon steel Hot nitrate, hydroxide, and carbonate/bicarbonate solutions High-strength steels Aqueous electrolytes, particularly when containing H 2 S Austenitic stainless steels Hot, concentrated chloride solutions; chloride-contaminated steam; hot...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003548
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... aluminum alone normally is not polarized to its pitting potential. In many environments, aluminum can be used in contact with chromium or stainless steels with only slight acceleration of corrosion; chromium and stainless steels are easily polarized cathodically in mild environments, so...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003520
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., for example, austenite or retained austenite, ferrite, delta ferrite or martensite, sigma, and carbides in steels. Perform simulation tests to evaluate critical characteristics of the material (such as the stress-corrosion cracking tendency in a particular environment), to determine the degree...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001808
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... the result of poor operations or improper materials selection, and thus often preventable. heat exchangers drain lines corrosion bacterial growth copper stainless steel pitting perforations microscopy corrosion resistance 304L stainless steel (austenitic wrought stainless steel) UNS S30403...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006783
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
... these conditions. Corrosion of aluminum in contact with more cathodic metals is much less severe in solutions of most nonhalide salts, in which aluminum alone normally is not polarized to its pitting potential. In many environments, aluminum can be used in contact with chromium or stainless steels with only...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...×. Mottled areas in both specimens are regions where pearlite has decomposed into ferrite and spheroidal carbides. Both etched with 2% nital Austenitic stainless steels can generally exhibit three types of metallurgical instability at elevated temperatures: carbide formation or modification, ferrite...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001082
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... a leading edge specimen tagged sample. #4, and Fig. 4 shows the sample trailing-edge section removed from the blade (sample #5). Figure 5 shows the impeller from which the leading edge and trailing edge samples were obtained. Fig. 4 (a) Leading-edge crack in type 304 L stainless steel impeller...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001818
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... Treatment <xref rid="a0001818-ref2" ref-type="bibr">(Ref 2)</xref> During a routine maintenance procedure at a power station, dye-penetrant examination revealed linear indications on the outer surface of a cross in a piping system. The cross was specified as SA403 type WP 304 stainless steel that had...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003501
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., stainless steel, age-hardening aluminum alloys, etc.), its general product form (e.g., wrought, cast, powder metallurgy, etc.), and the processing method (e.g., forged, die cast, injection molded, etc.). All of these factors must be considered when the shape of a part is defined during configuration design...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006800
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... and Prevention , Vol 10 , Metals Handbook , 8th ed. , American Society for Metals , 1975 , p 4 15. Smith C.O. and Boardman B.E. , Concepts and Criteria in Materials Engineering , Properties and Selection: Stainless Steels, Tool Materials, and Special-Purpose Metals , Vol 3 , Metals...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006828
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... lines ( Ref 15 ). The austenitic stainless steel tube of the fuel line reportedly fractured during the brazing process, with a complete separation of the tube at the fillet of the low-carbon steel fitting. The fitting and the enclosed tube section were observed lying separately as the part exited...