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2%Cr austenitic manganese steel

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... Abstract Chain link, a part of a mechanism for transferring hot or cold steel blooms into and out of a reheating furnace, broke after approximately four months of service. The link was cast from 2% Cr austenitic manganese steel and was subjected to repeated heating to temperatures of 455 to 595...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001776
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
.... : Solid-Solid Operation and Processing, Chemical Engineers’ Handbook , 8th edn. , pp. 56 – 61 . McGraw-Hill , New York ( 2008 ) 2. Emin B. , Frazal A. , , Chritopher L. : Deformation and fracture behaviour of high manganese austenitic steel. J. Mater. Process. Technol. 147...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c9001204
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... × Spectroscopic examination showed that the head pieces were made of manganese steel and the shafts of a chromium-molybdenum steel. Chemical analysis of bolt No. 2 showed the following values: C % Si % Mn % P % S % Cr % Mo % Head 0,19 0,50 1,50 0,026 0,034 0 0 Shaft 0,41 0,20 0,58...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001683
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... . Constitutional Analyses - Vicinity of Corrosion Pit (see <xref rid="c9001683-f13" ref-type="fig">Figure 13</xref>) Table 2 Constitutional Analyses - Vicinity of Corrosion Pit (see Figure 13 ) Wall of Pit Bulk Weld Si 1.40 0.76 Cr 30.58 20.69 Mn 2.14 1.37 Fe 62.46 68.24 Ni...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001177
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Abstract A solution containing 50 to 70% calcium chloride (pH 7.5 to 8.5) was concentrated by evaporation in a brick-lined vessel by passing steam at a pressure of 15 atmospheres through a system of heating coils made of austenitic stainless steel X 10 Cr-Ni-Mo-Ti 18 12 (Material No. 1.4573...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001248
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... Abstract Failure occurred in the teeth of a case-hardening Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel spur gear in the transmission system of heavy duty tracked vehicles. The defects were in the nature of seizure on the involute profile. Scrutiny of the transmission system showed there might be choking...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003570
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... stainless steels of the 18 to 20% Cr and 8 to 10% Ni class (CF-8). Manifestations of Cavitation Erosion Cavitation erosion typically begins with deformation rumpling and work hardening of metal surfaces, often with delineation of grain and phase boundaries, as shown in Fig. 1(a) , 2(a) , and 3...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001257
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... be seen immediately after etching with copper ammonium chloride solution according to the Heyn method, that the weld-jointed conduit pipes consisted of different materials ( Fig. 2 ). While the uncracked pipe showed the light etch shading of a low-carbon steel in which the zone heated during welding...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001687
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... in manganese, chromium and carbon and rich in nickel and iron ( Fig. 3 ). Similar depleted zones have been observed ( 11 , 12 , 13 ) in low-carbon 20%Cr austenitic steels and explained as the result of non-protective oxide film and low oxidation front velocities. Fig. 3 Line profiles for C, Cr, Mn...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003510
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... atomic volume, Å 3 Ferrite 11.789 Cementite 12.769 Ferrite + carbides 11.786 + 0.163 C (a) Pearlite 11.916 Austenite 11.401 + 0.329 C (a) Martensite 11.789 + 0.370 C (a) (a) C = % carbon Size changes during hardening of carbon tool steels Table 2 Size...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001787
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... January 21–23 , 2011 . Adv. Mater. Res. 314 – 316 , 1955 – 1999 (2011) 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.314-316.1955 15. Tomita Y. , Okabayashi K. , Mechanical properties of 0.40 pct C–Ni–Cr–Mo high strength steel having a mixed structure of martensite and bainite . Metall. Trans...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001824
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... 17.2 bal 8.95 7.3 0.5 3.73 0.13 0.02 0.035 Chemical composition of nuts that are assembled (screwed) with failed bolts Table 2 Chemical composition of nuts that are assembled (screwed) with failed bolts   Composition, wt.% Fe Cr Ni Mo Mn C P S SEM-EDAX 5.1 22...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001725
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... Cracks. Magnification 2.5 × Fig. 5 Cross Sections Through Cracks, Respectively Normal and Transverse to the Axis of the Air Hole. Etched in 2% nital; magnification 100 × Chemical analysis showed the retaining ring to be a high-carbon, nickel-manganese-chromium steel of the following...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c0048795
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... Abstract A large pressure vessel designed for use in an ammonia plant failed during hydrostatic testing. It was fabricated from ten Mn-Cr-Ni-Mo-V steel plates which were rolled and welded to form ten cylindrical shell sections and three forgings of similar composition. The fracture surfaces...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 3
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v03.c9001752
EISBN: 978-1-62708-241-9
... spectrum of R1 CVN fractures show manganese sulfide with oxygen, carbon, and iron. 35,000× Fig. 1 Macrograph shows fatigue fracture of failed crankshaft LF5. 2× Fig. 2 Macrograph shows fatigue crack initiation site (white) of failed crankshaft LF5. 10× Fig. 3 SEM micrograph...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001724
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... manufacturers, a high-carbon 8-8-4 Ni-Mn-Cr steel of the following approximate composition: Carbon 0.64 to 0.70% Silicon 0.37 to 0.45 Manganese 7.23 to 8.18 Sulphur 0.006 to 0.014 Phosphorus 0.020 to 0.032 Chromium 3.80 to 4.09 Nickel 8.40 to 8.83 The bell carries a high...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006816
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... between austenitic grain size and quench cracking Quench sensitivity Cracking and distortion increase as carbon equivalent (C eq ) is increased. Alloy is crack sensitive if C eq &gt; 0.52, where: C eq = C + Mn 5 + Mo 5 + Cr 10 + Ni 10...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006831
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... (&lt;4.3%) or hypereutectic (&gt;4.3%) alloy or as a eutectic alloy (= 4.3%) during solidification. Carbon saturation, SC, can be calculated as: (Eq 2) SC = TC 4.3 − ( % Si + % P 3 ) This value is important, because it is a measure of the tendency toward carbide...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: <span class="search-highlight">2</span>
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001300
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
... Abstract A bull gear from a coal pulverizer at a utility failed by rolling-contact fatigue as the result of continual overloading of the gear and a nonuniform, case-hardened surface of the gear teeth. The gear consisted of an AISI 4140 Cr-Mo steel gear ring that was shrunk fit and pinned onto...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001059
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... grinding revealed the presence of fine circumferential cracks just beneath the surface. Dye penetrant examination confirmed the presence of these cracks, which were as long as 50mm (2 in.). The field replication described above showed that the cracks were transgranular in nature and highly typical...