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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089676
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... deg C (850 to 1100 deg F). Examination included visual inspection, macrograph of a nital-etched specimen from an as-received chain link 1.85x, micrographs of a nital-etched specimen from an as-received chain link 100x/600x, normal microstructure of as-cast standard austenitic manganese steel 100x...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091640
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... (1600 psi). The valve stem was reported to have been solution heat treated at 1040 +/-14 deg C (1900 +/-25 deg F) for 30 min and either air quenched or oil quenched to room temperature. The stem was then reportedly aged at 550 to 595 deg C (1025 to 1100 deg F) for four hours. Investigation (visual...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.matlhand.c0089766
EISBN: 978-1-62708-224-2
... quenched and tempered to a hardness of 241 to 285 HRB. Preheating to 370 deg C (700 deg F) before and during welding with AISI 4130 steel wire was specified. It was also recommended that the weld be subjected to magnetic-particle inspection and then stress relieved at 595 deg C (1100 deg F), followed...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001125
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... view of the failed connector. Abstract An 1100 aluminum alloy connector of a high-tension aluminum conductor steel-reinforced (ACSR) transmission cable failed after more than 20 years in service, in a region of consider able industrial pollution. The steel core was spliced with a galvanized...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001105
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
.... The rod damage was the result of failure of the bellows, which allowed escaping hot gases to impinge on the tie rods and heat them to approximately 595 deg C (1100 deg F). It was recommended that the insulation be analyzed to determine the origin of the chlorine and sulfur and that it be replaced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001046
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... Table 3 Mass change data for selected alloys exposed for 300 h to a nitrogen atmosphere containing 10% CO 2 , 19% O 2 , 4% HCI, 130 ppm HBr, and 100 PPM SO 2 Alloy Mass change, mg/cm 2 590 °C 705 °C 815 °C 925 °C (1100 °F) (1300 °F) (1500 °F) (1700 °F) 309 −2.62 −117.90...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001480
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... penetration by molten copper. Particles of copper were seen in scale deposits on the bore of the tube. The tube in general showed a ferritic structure with partially spheroidized carbide. The fact that fusion of the copper had occurred indicated temperatures of 1100 deg C (2012 deg F) had been experienced...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001571
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... treatments between 800 and 1100 deg C for periods of 1 to 100 min. Microstructural parameters in the control specimens and in those from TMI-2 were quantified. Selective etchants were used to better discriminate desired microstructural features, particularly in the cladding. This report is a progress report...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001695
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... which have mitigated new corrosion in the basins. Aluminum cladding Nuclear fuel elements Spent nuclear fuel 1100 UNS A91100 8001 UNS A98001 Pitting corrosion Introduction Aluminum-Clad Spent Nuclear Fuel (SNF) has traditionally been stored in the Savannah River Site (SRS) fuel...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0047010
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
..., T at 595 °C (1100 °F) 5 h, WQ 40 British I steel A at 915 °C (1680 °F) 5 h, OQ, T at 610 °C (1130 °F) 5 h, AC 40 Inconel 718 ST at 980 °(2 (1800 °F) 4 h, AC, A at 720 °C (1325 °F) 16 h, FC at 55 °C (100 °F)/h to 620 °C (1150 °F), hold 8 h, AC 40 H19 tool steel A at 1165 °C (2125 °F) 1...
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Published: 01 December 2019
Fig. 1 Wellhead flow control valve body, 3″ID 2500# A216-WCC, the body carries sour gases with a high wet H 2 S content (24,000 ppm). The maximum working pressure is 1100 psi More
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0001822
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
... of copper was increased by wrapping pure copper wire (0.18 mm, or 0.007 in., in diameter) around the notch. Testing was done at 1100 and 1130 °C (2010 and 2065 °F) under stresses of 8.3 and 11 MPa (1.2 and 1.6 ksi). Copper significantly altered the creep behavior of pure iron and caused premature failure...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.aero.c0047720
EISBN: 978-1-62708-217-4
... blade for a jet engine. The weldments were finally secured to the bases of the turbine blades by a brazing operation. At operating speed, the centrifugal force exerted on the welded joint was 207 MPa (30 ksi) at a temperature of approximately 595 °C (1100 °F). One of the laser beam attachment welds...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 2
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1993
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v02.c9001358
EISBN: 978-1-62708-215-0
...Average microhardness values Table 1 Average microhardness values Label Experimental welds Actual A B C D E F G 1 2 3 Filler material 309L 309L 309L 410 410 Inco A 410 309L 309L 309L Stress relief 0 950 1250 1250 950 0 0 1100 (a) 1100...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c0091028
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
... with long-term overheating. Technical literature indicates the scaling temperature of this alloy is approximately 595 °C (1100 °F), also suggesting service in excess of the stated 480 °C (900 °F) operating temperature. There was no apparent graphitization as this alloy has been shown to resist...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0047694
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... °C (1100 °F) 356-445 785-980 1.0-2.0 6.2-6.5 s at 595 °C (1100 °F) 290-302 640-665 1.8-2.0 7-8 s at 650 °C (1200 °F) 238-252 525-555 3.0-8.0 7.7-8.2 s at 705 °C (1300 °F) 233-245 514-540 9.0-12.5 7.9-8.4 s at 705 °C (1300 °F) 249-252 548-555 5.5-11.5 8.5-9.3 s at 760 °C...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0060097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... in the tube wall of approximately 7.6 MPa (1100 psi), which was well below the yield strength of the material. Therefore, the failure could not be related to minor fluctuations in operation pressure. The source of the excessive internal pressure was most probably a freeze-up of the tube side water...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c9001615
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... is carried out in the range of 950 to 1100 °C in one heating (i.e., all three stages of the forging are completed with one heating). A schematic diagram illustrating the forging steps and the axle shape at each stage is shown in Fig. 1 . To monitor the forging process and, in turn, the material flow during...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c0060154
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... reformer furnace used in an ammonia plant. Furnace temperatures were reduced immediately, but it was necessary to continue firing of the furnace at about 540 to 595 °C (1000 to 1100 °F) for 16 h to reduce the catalyst. Subsequent shutdown inspection revealed that the bottom of one of seven outlet headers...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001160
EISBN: 978-1-62708-220-4
... not lie below 1000° C, preferably between 1050 and 1100° C, followed by rapid cooling in air, in order to avoid embrittlement by sigma phase precipitates. Selected Reference Selected Reference • Warke W. R. , Stress-Corrosion Cracking , Failure Analysis and Prevention , Vol 11 , ASM...