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(Other, general, or unspecified) distortion

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Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0092148
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
.... Hydraulic valves Retained austenite Seizing 8620 UNS G86200 1117 UNS G11170 (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion Heat treating-related failures Occasional failures were experienced in spool-type valves used in a hydraulic system. When a valve would fail, the close-fitting rotary valve...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.bldgs.c0060097
EISBN: 978-1-62708-219-8
... to be a freeze-up of the tube side water that occurred during interruption of the tube side flow or misoperation of the unit. Air conditioning equipment Bursting Eddy current testing Excessive internal pressure Tubes Copper tube (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture An eddy current survey...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.usage.c0047343
EISBN: 978-1-62708-236-5
... fatigue fracture (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion High-temperature corrosion and oxidation An experimental high-temperature rotary valve was found stuck in the housing due to growth and distortion after approximately 100 h. Gas temperatures were suspected to have been high due...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001487
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... silver-bearing copper was not available. The use of hard-drawn silver-bearing copper for a rewind, in conjunction with special attention to blocking up the end windings, is confidently expected to effect a complete cure. Alternators Deformation Cu-Ag (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Volume: 1
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 December 1992
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.v01.c9001058
EISBN: 978-1-62708-214-3
... obtained indicated that the failure resulted from human error. Castings Pipe Plugs Splitting White iron (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture Background A 32 mm ( 1 1 4 in.) pipe plug ( Fig. 1 and 2 ) split water line pressurized at 550 kPa (80 psig). The worker...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001734
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... arms Aircraft components Cracking (fracturing) Fires Grain boundary melting 2014 UNS A92014 (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) failure Scanning electron microscope (SEM) examination of metal fractures which are induced by various combinations of loads and environmental conditions has...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c0092155
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... of the specified surface hardness of 58 HRC. Ferrite Gear boxes Nitriding 4140 UNS G41400 Heat treating-related failures (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion Slipping of components in the left-side final drive train of a tracked military vehicle was detected after the vehicle had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.process.c0048733
EISBN: 978-1-62708-235-8
... Heaters (tube) Sea water Welded joints ASTM A285 grade C UNS K02801 (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture The brine-heater shell ( Fig. 1 ) in a seawater-conversion plant failed by bursting along a welded joint connecting the hot well to the heater shell. Failure occurred approximately 2...
Book Chapter

Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001412
EISBN: 978-1-62708-229-7
.... Non-metallic inclusions in the blade material playing a minor part. Cracking (fracturing) Loads (forces) Nonmetallic inclusions Stresses Turbine blades Vibration Ferritic stainless steel (Other, general, or unspecified) fracture The failure described occurred in a 45,000 kW, 3,000...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001712
EISBN: 978-1-62708-234-1
... Volumetric growth KHR35H HiSi KHRS3 KHRS2 KHR48NCo KHR45A High-temperature corrosion and oxidation (Other, general, or unspecified) distortion Introduction Six rings and two cylinders of material cut from two different furnace rolls were received for analysis in Q4 1996. The rings had been...
Series: ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 June 2019
DOI: 10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001680
EISBN: 978-1-62708-221-1
... (Other, miscellaneous, or unspecified) wear Fatigue fracture Introduction Wire ropes are used in many heavy industrial applications, including mines, offshore oil rigs, and barges. Premature failure of ropes can be costly in any application. In mining applications, failures become not only...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11A
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 30 August 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11A.a0006810
EISBN: 978-1-62708-329-4
... are steel; however, many other materials are used in shaft applications. Moving shafts are often classified as either transmission shafts or machine shafts. Transmission shafts are generally cylindrical, and they transfer motion through attached componentry such as gears, pulleys, and so on. Machine...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003529
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
.... This practice is in general based on ignorance of the principles of engineering, which require that a specific loss of functionality be linked to a specific deficiency in the component. On the other hand, lack of conformance to a particular requirement in no way automatically implies a cause of failure. Also...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003543
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
..., which may also occur when an overload failure is caused by a combination of ductile and brittle cracking mechanisms. This section only describes the general aspects of fracture mechanisms, as more details are described in other articles in this Volume. Distinguishing characteristics of brittle versus...
Series: ASM Handbook
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 15 January 2021
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0006778
EISBN: 978-1-62708-295-2
..., embrittlement, or other factors. However, the definition of overload failure is not uniformly agreed upon. Many engineers limit the definition of overload failures to those in which the applied stresses were higher than anticipated in design. This alternate viewpoint incorrectly presumes underdesign...
Series: ASM Handbook Archive
Volume: 11
Publisher: ASM International
Published: 01 January 2002
DOI: 10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003508
EISBN: 978-1-62708-180-1
...; generally spherical and often coated with oxide Cold shot G 113 Spherical metallic inclusions inside blowholes or other cavities or in surface depressions (see A 311). Composition approximates that of the alloy cast but nearer to that of a eutectic Internal sweating, phosphide sweat G 120...