JIS SCM435 steel bolts that connected the slewing ring to the base carrier on a truck crane failed during the lifting of steel piles. The bolts were double-ended stud types and had been in operation for 5600 h. Failure occurred in the root of the external thread that was in contact with the first internal thread in the slewing ring. Examination of plastic carbon replicas indicated that failure was the result of fatigue action. Failure was attributed to overloading during service and increased stress concentration on a few bolts due to nonuniform separations around the slewing ring. A design change to achieve equal separation between bolt holes was recommended.