Chapter 1: Basic Understanding of Gears
This chapter begins with a review of some of the terms used in the gear industry to describe the design of gears and gear geometries. It then discusses the types of gears that operate on parallel shafts, intersecting shafts, and nonparallel and nonintersecting shafts. Next, the processes involved in the selection of gear are discussed, followed by information on the basic stresses applied to a gear tooth, the strength of a gear tooth, and the most widely used gear materials. Further, the chapter briefly reviews gear manufacturing methods and the heat treating processing steps including prehardening processes, through hardening, and case hardening processes.