Chapter 15: Machining
This chapter focuses on the metallurgical factors governing the machinability of stainless steels. It begins by describing the chemistry, cleanliness, structure, processing history, and the cross-section size of the stock of the different grades of stainless steel. This is followed by a general description of the machining behavior of the stainless steel families, namely ferritic, martensitic, austenitic, precipitation hardening, duplex, and super stainless steels. The beneficial effect of controlled inclusions is then discussed. The chapter ends with a section providing information on high-speed tool steel and carbide tooling, along with tool coatings and coolants applicable to stainless steel.