Fractured Lock Ring of Drum
The lock ring of a centrifuge drum was fractured after one year's operation. The ring, with a trapezoidal thread on the inside, was made of steel with approximately 0.5%C-1.3%Mn-1.1%Cr and was hardened and tempered to 105 kp/sq mm strength at 11% elongation (d10). It fractured radially in one of four places in which the cross section was weakened by short grooves that served as tool grips for tightening the cover. The fracture propagated from the base of the thread and followed it in a circumferential direction until it was broken through radially at the top across the ring due to a weakening caused by the external reduction of the cross section. The uppermost turn was corroded at the base by pitting favored by differences in ventilation and formation of Evans elements in the narrow gap between thread and counterthread. Metallographic examination showed that the pitting favored intergranular fissures and therefore it can be established that stress corrosion accelerated cracking of the ring Although since the drum was used for the processing of various liquids, the exact corroding medium cannot be stated.
Friedrich Karl Naumann, Ferdinand Spies, Fractured Lock Ring of Drum, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Mechanical and Machine Components, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.mech.c9001170
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