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Splined rotor shafts (constructed from 1151 steel) used on small electric motors were found to miss one spline each from several shafts before the motors were put into service. Apparent peeling of splines on the induction-hardened end of each rotor shaft was revealed by visual and stereo-microscopic examination. One tooth on each shaft was found to be broken off. It was revealed by metallographic examination of an unetched section through the fractured tooth that the fracture surface was concave and had an appearance characteristic of a seam. Partial decarburization of the surface was revealed after etching with 1% nital....

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