Oxidation Cracking and Residual Creep Life of an Incoloy 800H Bottom Manifold in a Steam Reformer at 800 °C
During a planned shut-down in 1990 it appeared that the bottom manifold parts made of wrought Incoloy 800H had undergone diametrical expansion of up to 2% due to creep. Further, cracking at the outer diam was found. It was decided to replace these parts. Microscopical investigations showed that the cracking could not be caused by creep. It was found that the cracking was confined to a 4-mm deep coarse-grained zone (ASTM 0-1) at the outer diameter. The cracking appeared to be caused by strain-induced intergranular oxidation. When the cracks reached the fine-grained material, the oxidation-cracks stopped. To determine the...
R.J. Gommans, K.F. Verheesen, J.H. Heerings, Oxidation Cracking and Residual Creep Life of an Incoloy 800H Bottom Manifold in a Steam Reformer at 800 °C, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Chemical Processing Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.chem.c9001738
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