Disruption of a Hydro-Extractor
A hydroextractor installed new for the drying of sugar massecuite consisted of a metal basket fixed to a vertical spindle. Disruption occurred just after the machine had been run up to speed and was not preceded by any abnormal behavior. The basket assembly consisted of a Ni-Cr-Mo steel shell and two end plates. It was designed to spin at 2200 rpm, using centrifugal force to expel liquids through nearly 3000 drilled holes in the shell wall. Investigators found that the shell separated completely from the bottom plate. The top plate, though it cracked radially, remained attached over most of...