The Identification of the Origins of Some Deposits in a Steam Turbine
The intermediate pressure (IP) turbine of a thermal generating station is driven by steam from the boiler's reheater. On one particular IP turbine, a thick deposit was found on the insides of the rotor blade shrouds in two instances two years apart. The source of the deposits was not known; bulk chemical analysis had simply shown that iron was a major component. Optical microscopy and electron microprobe analysis were used to identify the deposits. In the first instance, the deposit was found to be debris that was left in the reheater tubes during boiler modification and swept to the turbine by the steam. There were still some of these debris particles present when the incident two years later was investigated but generally the second deposit was found to be of two layer oxide particles which were shown to have spalled from 2-14% chromium reheater tube surfaces.
J. C. Thornley, J. K. Sutherland, The Identification of the Origins of Some Deposits in a Steam Turbine, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Power Generating Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001658
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