Reactor Cooling Water Expansion Joint Bellows: The Role of the Seam Weld in Fatigue Crack Development
The secondary cooling water system pressure boundary of Savannah River Site reactors includes expansion joints utilizing a thin-wall bellows. While successfully used for over thirty years, an occasional replacement has been required because of the development of small, circumferential fatigue cracks in a bellows convolute. One such crack was recently shown to have initiated from a weld heat-affected zone liquation microcrack. The crack, initially open to the outer surface of the rolled and seam welded cylindrical bellows section, was closed when cold forming of the convolutes placed the outer surface in residual compression. However, the bellows was placed in...
S. L. West, D. Z. Nelson, M. R. Louthan, Jr., Reactor Cooling Water Expansion Joint Bellows: The Role of the Seam Weld in Fatigue Crack Development, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Power Generating Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.power.c9001682
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