A cast iron cylinder liner from a diesel engine suffered localized damage on the cooling water side leading to serration of the edges and heavy pitting. This heavy damage was cavitation damage, frequently observed in diesel motor cylinders. To combat such damage the following measures are recommended in the specialist literature: reduction in piston play; reduction in the amplitude by thicker-walled linings; hard chromizing of the cooling water side; and, addition of a protective oil to the cooling water. The effect of the protective oil is presumably based on a film of oil which forms on the cylinder surface...
Egon Kauczor, Damaged Cylinder Lining from a Diesel Motor, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Automobiles and Trucks, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.auto.c9001236
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