Microstructural Analysis of Failure of a Stainless Steel Bone Plate Implant
Stainless steel is frequently used for bone fracture fixation in spite of its sensitivity to pitting and cracking in chloride containing environments (such as organic fluids) and its susceptibility to fatigue and corrosion fatigue. A 316L stainless steel plate implant used for fixation of a femoral fracture failed after only 16 days of service and before bone callus formation had occurred. The steel used for the implant met the requirements of ASTM Standard F138 but did contain a silica-alumina inclusion that served as the initiation point for a fatigue/corrosion fatigue fracture. The fracture originated as a consequence of stress...
E. Proverbio, L.M. Bonaccorsi, Microstructural Analysis of Failure of a Stainless Steel Bone Plate Implant, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Medical and Biomedical Devices, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.med.c9001579
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