An AISI 4340 Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel draw-in bolt and the collet from a vertical-spindle milling machine broke during routine cutting of blind recesses after relatively long service life. Based on fracture surface features, it was suspected that the draw-in bolt was the first to fracture, followed by failure of the collet, which shattered one of its arms when it struck the work table. Scanning electron microscopy showed the presence of hairline crack indications along grain facets on the fracture surface of the bolt. This, coupled with stepwise cracking in the material, generally raised suspicion of hydrogen embrittlement. It appeared...
Eli Levy, Hydrogen Embrittlement of a Draw-in Bolt, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Machine Tools and Manufacturing Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.machtools.c9001519
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