History of Fractography
The purpose of fractography is to analyze fracture features and attempt to relate the topography of the fracture surface to the causes and/or basic mechanisms of fracture. This article reviews the historical development of fractography, from the early studies of fracture appearance dating back to the sixteenth century to the state-of-the-art work in electron fractography and quantitative fractography. It also describes the applications and limitations of scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscope.
History of Fractography, Fractography, Vol 12, ASM Handbook, By ASM Handbook Committee, ASM International, 1987, p 1–11, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v12.a0001830
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