The selection of the best material for a particular design is intimately associated with the decisions of how to process the material or manufacture a part. This article describes the basic characteristics of manufacturing processes such as material factors, shape factors, and process factors. The influence of materials on the manufacturing cost is described with a specific example. The article discusses the design for manufacturability to minimize the total number of parts, use readily processed materials, and eliminate machining and finishing operations. It reviews the factors influencing the selection of a material for production, including material composition, heat-treated condition, surface finish, and cost of material. The article describes the material characteristics, such as terms formability, workability, castability, machinability, and weldability, that aid or hinder the production of a part without defects.
George E. Dieter, Relationship between Materials Selection and Processing, Materials Selection and Design, Vol 20, ASM Handbook, Edited By George E. Dieter, ASM International, 1997, p 297–308, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v20.a0002455
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