Metallography and Microstructures
Metallographic Techniques for Tool Steels
Tool steels are prepared for metallographic examination in the same way as carbon steels with a few variations owing to hardness and alloying differences. This article explains what makes tool steels different and how to compensate for it when sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and etching. It provides information and data on composition, hot working, austenitizing, tempering, and powder metal manufacturing and explains how it affects tool steel microstructure, using more than 100 detailed images.
George F. Vander Voort, Metallographic Techniques for Tool Steels, Metallography and Microstructures, Vol 9, ASM Handbook, Edited By George F. Vander Voort, ASM International, 2004, p 644–669, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v09.a0003766
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New Handbook: Volume 11B
Volume 11B serves as a reference and guide to help engineers determine the causes of failure in plastic components and make corrective adjustments through design and manufacturing modifications.