This article describes various machining techniques of refractory metals, namely, niobium, molybdenum, tantalum, and tungsten. These include turning, boring, trepanning, reaming, milling, tapping, drilling, and sawing. Parameters for the machining of the refractory metals are also tabulated. In addition, the article provides information on cutting fluids and tools that are used in machining of the refractory metals as well as on the safety precautions to be followed in the machining process.
Harry E. Chandler, Machining of Refractory Metals, Machining, Vol 16, ASM Handbook, By ASM Handbook Committee, ASM International, 1989, p 858–869, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v16.a0002190
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