This article provides a discussion on the metallographic techniques used for failure analysis, and on fracture examination in materials, with illustrations. It discusses various metallographic specimen preparation techniques, namely, sectioning, mounting, grinding, polishing, and electrolytic polishing. The article also describes the microstructure examination of various materials, with emphasis on failure analysis, and concludes with information on the examination of replicas with light microscopy.
George F. Vander Voort, Metallographic Techniques in Failure Analysis, Failure Analysis and Prevention, Vol 11, Edited By William T. Becker, Roch J. Shipley, ASM International, 2002, p 498–515, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v11.a0003532
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