This article discusses selected highlights of thermodynamic relationships during solidification and nucleation kinetics behavior in connection with the basis of nucleation treatments, such as grain refinement and inoculation, to provide a summary of nucleation phenomena during casting. The article describes nucleation phenomenon such as homogeneous nucleation and heterogeneous nucleation. It examines various grain refinement models, such as the carbide-boride model, the free growth model, and the constitutional undercooling model. The article concludes with information on the thermal analysis techniques for assessing grain-refining characteristics during master alloy processing.
J.H. Perepezko, Nucleation Kinetics and Grain Refinement, Casting, Vol 15, ASM Handbook, Edited By Srinath Viswanathan, Diran Apelian, Raymond J. Donahue, Babu DasGupta, Michael Gywn, John L. Jorstad, Raymond W. Monroe, Mahi Sahoo, Thomas E. Prucha, Daniel Twarog, ASM International, 2008, p 276–287, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v15.a0005207
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