Chapter One: Diffusion in Solids
A working knowledge of diffusion is necessary to understand and predict the behavior of metals and alloys during manufacturing and in certain types of service. This chapter covers the fundamentals of diffusion in solids and some of the applications in which diffusion plays a role. It discusses the mechanisms behind interstitial, substitutional, grain boundary, and surface diffusion, the derivation and use of Fick’s laws, and the basic principles of diffusion coating processes, including carburizing, nitriding, nitrocarburizing, cyaniding, carbonitriding, boriding, aluminizing, siliconizing, chromizing, vanadizing, and titanizing. It also discusses diffusion bonding and presents several approaches for dealing with oxide barrier problems.
Diffusion in Solids, Diffusion in Solids: Key Topics in Materials Science and Engineering, By N.I. Jamnapara, ASM International, 2022, p 1–29, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.tb.dsktmse.t56050001
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