Additive Manufacturing in Medicine and Craniofacial Applications of 3D Printing
This article provides highlights of the general process and workflow of creating a 3D-printed model from a medical image and discusses the applications of additively manufactured materials. It provides a brief background on Food and Drug Administration (FDA) classification and regulation of medical devices, with an emphasis on 3D-printed devices. Then, the article discusses two broad applications of 3D printing in craniofacial surgery: surgery and education. Next, it discusses, with respect to surgical applications, preoperative planning, use in the operating room, surgical guides, and implants. The article includes sections on education that focus on the use of 3D-printed surgical simulators and other tools to teach medical students and residents. It briefly touches on the FDA regulations associated with the respective application of 3D printing in medicine. Lastly, the article briefly discusses the state of medical billing and reimbursement for this service.
Carole S.L. Spake, Albert S. Woo, Additive Manufacturing in Medicine and Craniofacial Applications of 3D Printing, Additive Manufacturing in Biomedical Applications, Vol 23A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Roger J. Narayan, ASM International, 2022, p 454–465, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006852
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