Additive manufacturing (AM), or three-dimensional printing, has ushered in an era of mass customization in the many different industries in which it is used. The use of the personalized surgical instrument (PSI) is no exception. Initially, PSIs were not a result of the use of AM; rather, what occurred is an improvement in their methods of manufacturing. This article discusses the fundamentals, benefits, manufacturing, and other application examples beyond orthopedics of PSIs. In addition, an outlook of AM in biomedical applications is also covered.
Alejandro A. Espinoza Orías, Personalized Surgical Instruments, Additive Manufacturing in Biomedical Applications, Vol 23A, ASM Handbook, Edited By Roger J. Narayan, ASM International, 2022, p 402–415, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v23A.a0006906
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