Chapter 13: Properties of Carbon Alloy Steel Welds
This article reviews the fundamental and specific factors that control the properties of steel weldments in both the weld metal and heat-affected zone (HAZ). The influence of welding processes, welding consumables, and welding parameters on the weldment properties is emphasized. The service properties of weldments in corrosive environments are considered and subjected to cyclic loading. The article summarizes the effects of major alloying elements in carbon and low-alloy steels on HAZ microstructure and toughness. It discusses the processes involved in controlling toughness in the HAZ and the selection of the proper filler metal. The article provides a comparison between single-pass and multipass welding and describes the effect of welding procedures on weldment properties and the effects of residual stresses on the service behavior of welded structures. It also describes the fatigue strength and fracture toughness of welded structures. The article reviews various types of corrosion of weldments.