This article examines the concept of fractography as applied to elastomeric rubbery materials. It considers four general categories of physical root failure causes: design defects, material defects, manufacturing defects, and service life anomalies. Examples of real-world failures of rubber articles, with numerous accompanying figures, are representative of the four root failure categories.
Jason T. Poulton, Fracture and Fractography of Elastomeric Materials, Characterization and Failure Analysis of Plastics, Vol 11B, ASM Handbook, Edited By Todd J. Menna, ASM International, 2022, p 1–7, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.hb.v11B.a0006870
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