Defective Welded Derrick Crane Anchorage Nuts
During the pre-test inspection following the stress calculation check on a 7-ton capacity Scotch derrick crane, it was noted that threads on the back stay anchorage bolts were of unusually fine pitch (11 tpi) and that the machined faces of the nuts showed irregular pits or depressions disposed in an annular manner. When sectioned, the nuts showed a surprising method of construction. The nuts for the bolts had been made by using conventional pipe couplings inserted into sleeves made from hexagonal bar and the coupling secured to the sleeve by welding at each outer face. The ends of the sleeve bore were chamfered to form a weld preparation. After welding, the faces were machined which resulted in the removal of most of the weld metal and revealed a pronounced lack of penetration. All bolts used to anchor derrick crane back stays should be designed in accordance with the recommendations of British Standard 327:1964 (Clauses 10 and 18).