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Abstract

A new crane failed during the overload test following erection. A test load of 5 tons at the end of the jib (rated capacity 4 tons) was in the process of being slewed at the time of this failure. Inspection revealed that the collapse had resulted from the opening out of one eye of the rimming steel tie-bar of the main jib at the lower splice. This permitted the pin to pass through and allowed the jib to fall. Examination subsequently revealed that brittle fracture of two of the corner angles of the tower head assembly had also occurred. Had the tie-bar material been of satisfactory quality and/or, if the end that failed had been flamecut instead of sheared, then the damage resulting from the excessive overload would have been limited to yielding of the material in the region of the pin-joint. Such yielding on an overload test further indicated that the scantlings of the pin-joints were inadequate. Two other crane failures showed that failure resulted from the use of rimming steel, and embrittlement of the material was evident.

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F. R. Hutchings, G. Hanley, Failures of Jib Tie-Bar Components of Tower Cranes Manufactured from Rimming Steel, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Construction, Mining, and Agricultural Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001723

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