The boom lift equalizer hose on an excavator failed and the resultant release of high-pressure hydraulic fluid damaged the operator cabin. The hose was a heavy duty, high-impulse, multiple-spiral wire-reinforced, rubber covered hydraulic hose equivalent to 100R13 specifications as set in AS3791-1991. It had a maximum operating pressure of 34.5 MPa (5000 psi). The failure occurred adjacent to one of the couplings, although some of the wire strands had not broken. The two outer layers of reinforcement wire on the failed end had experienced extensive corrosion, corroding away completely in most areas. This corrosion was fairly uniform around the circumference of the hose. The loss of two spirals/layers of wire reinforcement effectively reduced the pressure carrying capacity of the hose to below that of the maximum operational pressure experienced. Either the hose (or assembly) was already corroded prior to being fitted, or, the hose experienced aggressive conditions causing rapid corrosion of the exposed wire strands.
S. Krismer, Excavator Boom Lift Equalizer Hose Failure, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Construction, Mining, and Agricultural Equipment, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.conag.c9001634
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