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A pipe in a chip conveyor cracked at the toe of an exterior fillet weld connecting a flange to the pipe. The chip conveyor consisted of several spool sections. Each section was made up of a length of low-alloy steel pipe and two flanges, which were welded to each end. The composition specified for the pipe steel was 0.25C-0.98Mn-3.52Ni-1.34Cr-0.24Mo, which approximates a 9300 steel with high molybdenum. Investigation supported the conclusion that the conveyor pipe failed by brittle fracture, which was attributed to the stresses induced in forcing the circular flange over the elliptical section of the pipe. The...

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