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Abstract

Randomly selected dictating-machine drive mechanisms, which contained small ball bearings, were found to exhibit unacceptable fluctuations in drive output during the early stages of production. It was indicated that the bearing raceways were being true brinelled before or during installation of the bearings. The preinstallation practices and the procedures for installing the bearings were carefully studied. It was revealed that during one preinstallation step, the lubricant applied by the bearing manufacturer was removed and the bearing was relubricated with another type of lubricant prior to which the bearings were ultrasonically cleaned in trichloroethylene to ensure extreme cleanness. Equally spaced indentations resembling true brinelling were revealed by careful examination of the bearing raceways. It was concluded that the ultrasonic energy transmitted to the balls brinelled the raceways enough to cause fluctuations in machine output. Solvent-vapor cleaning was employed as a corrective technique for removing bearing lubricant.

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2019. "True Brinelling of Ball-Bearing Raceways During Ultrasonic Cleaning", ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Processing Errors and Defects

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