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Lakes in zinc die castings are areas encompassed by irregular lines or waves on flat or slightly contoured surfaces which are intended to look uniform. The laked areas have to be removed by polishing before the castings can be plated. This adds considerably to the overall cost of production. Castings examined were of an automobile name-plate holder with two flat sides of approximately 113 sq cm. All castings produced during a trial showed laking defects, the number and position varying from casting to casting. It was found that formation of metal waves and lakes depended primarily on the design of the gate and runner system and operating conditions. High flow efficiencies, with adequate feeding to all sections of the die, and short cavity fill times are desirable.

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Gustav R. Perger, Peter M. Robinson, 2019. "Metal Waves or Laking on Zinc-Based Diecastings", ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Processing Errors and Defects

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