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Decarburization of steel may occur as skin decarburization by gases either wet or containing oxygen, and as a deep ongoing destruction of the material by hydrogen under high pressure. Guidelines are given for recognizing decarburization and determining at what point cracks occurred. How decarburization changes workpiece properties and the case of hydrogen decarburization are addressed through examples.

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Friedrich Karl Naumann, Ferdinand Spies, Decarburization, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Processing Errors and Defects, ASM International, 2019,

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