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An unacceptable degree of porosity was identified in several closure welds on stainless steel containers for plutonium-bearing materials. The pores developed in the weld tie-in region due to gas trapped by the weld pool during the closure process. This paper describes the efforts to trace the root cause of the porosity to the geometric conditions of the weld joint and establish corrective actions to minimize such porosity.

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W.L. Daugherty, G.R. Cannell, Analysis of Porosity Associated with Hanford 3013 Outer Container Welds, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Processing Errors and Defects, ASM International, 2019,

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