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A copper alloy C51000 (phosphor bronze, 5%A) failed prematurely during life testing of several such springs. The wire used for the springs was 0.46 mm (0.018 in.) in diam and was in the spring-temper condition. The springs were revealed to be subjected to cyclic loading, in the horizontal and vertical planes during the testing. The fracture was revealed to have occurred in bend 2. An indentation, presumably caused by the bending tool during forming, at the inner surface of the bend where fracture occurred was revealed by microscopic examination. Spiral marks produced on springs during rotary straightening were observed....

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