Broken-Off Bearing Bosses of Scrap Shears
Three bearing bosses from the cover of scrap shears were sent in for examination. They had torn off the base plate to which they had been welded by fillet welds all around. Two of these were examined. They showed entirely the same symptoms. The bosses had broken away on three sides along the welds. The cleaved fractures in the burned notches propagated partially above and partially below several incipient cracks which may have been fatigue fractures. Metallographic sections showed that the fractures had occurred either at the burned notches near the transition from the weld to the sheet, or else they ran in the sheet material next to the weld. The quality of the welds could not be judged because the opposite fracture pieces to which they adhered had not been sent in. It was concluded that the breakaway of these bosses was at least favored by overheating and hardening.