Fatigue Fracture of a Motor Shaft Due to the Application of Weld Metal
Shaft fracture of a 10 hp squirrel cage motor took place at the driving end just outside the roller bearing and not at an abrupt change of section behind the bearing where it might be expected to occur. A portion of shaft to the right of the fracture was deeply grooved. About a year prior to failure the inner race of the roller bearing became slack on the shaft and the seating was built up by the metal-spray process. The shaft was machined to form a rough thread to provide the requisite mechanical key for the sprayed-on metal. Part of this sprayed-on layer became detached after the fatigue failure occurred. The quality of the welding was poor. Slag inclusions were present adjacent to the sides of the keyway, which had been re-cut shorter than the original one after the welding repair. Failure at the unusual location was caused by the presence of the weld deposit.