Hot Cracks in a Repair Weld
A fuel-nozzle-support assembly showed transverse indications after fluorescent liquid-penetrant inspection of a repair-welded area at a fillet on the front side of the support neck adjacent to the mounting flange. Visual examination disclosed an irregular crack. The crack through the neck was sectioned; examination showed that the crack had extended through the repair weld. The crack had followed an intergranular path. The crack was opened, and binocular-microscope examination of the fracture surface showed that the surface contained dendrites with discolored oxide films that were typical of exposure to air when very hot. Several additional subsurface cracks, typical of hot tears, were observed in and near the weld. There had been too much local heat input in making the repair weld. The result was localized thermal contraction and hot tearing. The cracking of the repair weld was attributed to unfavorable welding practice that accentuated thermal contraction stresses and caused hot tearing. Recommendations involved use of a small-diameter welding electrode, a lower heat input, and deposition in shallow layers that could be effectively peened between passes to minimize internal stress.