Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination


An intermediate shaft (3 in. diam), part of a camshaft drive on a large diesel engine, broke after two weeks of service. Failure occurred at the end of the taper portion adjacent to the screwed thread. The irregular saw-tooth form of fracture was characteristic of failure from torsional fatigue. A second shaft carried as spare gear was fitted and failure took place in a similar manner in about the same period of time. Examination revealed that the tapered portion of the Fe-0.6C carbon steel shaft had been built up by welding prior to final machining. A detailed check by the engine-builder established that the manufacture of these two shafts had been subcontracted. It was ascertained that the taper portions had been machined to an incorrect angle and then subsequently built-up and remachined to the correct taper. The reduction in fatigue endurance following welding was due to heat-affected zone cracking, residual stresses, the lower fatigue strength of the weld deposited metal, and weld defects.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal