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Three spur gears made from 8622 Ni-Cr-Mo alloy steel formed a straight-line train in a speed reducer on a rail-mounted overslung lumber carrier. The gears were submitted for nondestructive examination and evaluation, with no accompanying information or report. Two teeth on one of the gears were found to be pitted, one low on profile and the adjacent tooth high on profile. The mating gear had a similar characteristic, two adjacent teeth with evidence of pitting and the same difference in profile. It was correctly deduced that the pitting occurred because the gears were in a static position under a reverberating load for an extended period of time.

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Lester E. Alban, Evaluation of Pitting on a Spur Gear, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Improper Maintenance, Repair, and Operating Conditions, ASM International, 2019,

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