Skip to Main Content
Skip Nav Destination


The conical helical spring sealed, within each switch enclosure, fractured to lead to the failure of several electrical toggle switches. The spring was fabricated from 0.43 mm diam AISI type 302 stainless steel wires. Appreciable amount of scale was observed on the fracture surface and tool marks were revealed on the inner surface of the broken spring. A typical fatigue fracture that originated at a tool mark on the wire surface was revealed by inspection of a fracture surface of the broken springs. Regions which displayed beach marks around the fracture origin and parallel striations within the beach-mark regions were revealed by scanning electron microscopy. As a corrective measure, the spring-winding operation was altered to eliminate the tool marks.

You do not currently have access to this chapter.
Don't already have an account? Register
Close Modal

or Create an Account

Close Modal
Close Modal