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Tube sheets (found to be copper alloy C46400, or naval brass, and 5 cm (2 in.) thick) of an air compressor aftercooler were found to be cracked and leaking approximately 12 to 14 months after they had been retubed. Most of the tube sheets had been retubed several times previously because of unrelated tube failures. Sanitary (chlorinated) well water was generally used in the system, although filtered process make-up water (river water) containing ammonia was occasionally used. Investigation (visual inspection, chemical analysis, mercurous nitrate testing, unetched 5X micrographs, and 250X micrographs etched in 10% ammonium persulfate solution) supported the...

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