An Analysis of Six Fatigue Failures in Cranes
Crane collapse due to bolt fatigue and fatigue failure of a crane support column, crane tower, overhead yard crane, hoist rope, and overhead crane drive shaft are described. The first four examples relate to the structural integrity of cranes. However, equipment such as drive and hoist-train components are often subject to severe fatigue loading and are perhaps even more prone to fatigue failure. In all instances, the presence of fatigue cracks at least contributed to the failure. In most instances, fatigue was the sole cause. Further, in each case, with regular inspection, fatigue cracks probably would have been detected well before final failure.