Steel Wire Cracked at Welded Joint
A 2.3 mm diam steel wire broke during cable twisting. The fracture occurred obliquely to the longitudinal axis of the wire and showed a constriction at the end. Therefore it was a ductile fracture. File mark type work defects were noticeable on the wire surface at both sides of the fracture, but they had no effect on the breakage of the wire. Away from the fracture area, the wire had a normal structure of hyperfine lamellar pearlite (sorbite) of a “patented” and cold drawn steel wire. In the vicinity of the fracture, the cementite of the pearlite was partially spheroidized, while at the fracture itself it was completely spheroidized. Therefore the wire was locally annealed at this point. It was likely that the wire cracked at this point during the last drawing and then broke during twisting due to its lower strength in the weakened cross section after prior deformation.
Friedrich Karl Naumann, Ferdinand Spies, Steel Wire Cracked at Welded Joint, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Failure Modes and Mechanisms, ASM International, 2019, https://doi.org/10.31399/asm.fach.modes.c9001186
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