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A number of machined end frame steel forgings made of Cr-Si-Mn alloy showed tiny cracks during magnetic particle inspection after heat treatment. The cracks were mostly confined to base edges and fillet radius. No significant abnormality was observed in chemical composition and microstructure. SEM, optical microscopy, and gas analysis revealed that the subsurface discontinuous cracks at the bore edges and in the fillet radius of the heat-treated end frame component had occurred due to hydrogen embrittlement, and not because of faulty heat treatment. This conclusion was supported by the presence of cracklike indications in machined bore surface of the annealed part.

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A. K. Das, B. M. Thippeswamy, J. Prasad, Cracking of Machined End Frame Steel Forgings After Heat Treatment, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Failure Modes and Mechanisms, ASM International, 2019,

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