Corrosion: Transcrystalline Stress Corrosion
A solution containing 50 to 70% calcium chloride (pH 7.5 to 8.5) was concentrated by evaporation in a brick-lined vessel by passing steam at a pressure of 15 atmospheres through a system of heating coils made of austenitic stainless steel X 10 Cr-Ni-Mo-Ti 18 12 (Material No. 1.4573). After five months one of the coils, which consisted of tubes having a wall thickness of 3.4 mm, developed a leak. Tightly closed cracks were seen on the outer surface of the tube. Further tests with color penetration process revealed multiple branched cracks. Longitudinal section showed that the cracks had started...