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A microstructural analysis has been made of a burner nozzle removed from service in a coal gasification plant. The nozzle was a casting of a Co-29wt%Cr-19wt%Fe alloy. Extensive hot corrosion had occurred on the surface. There was penetration along grain boundaries, and corrosion products in these regions were particularly rich in S, and also contained Al, Si, O, and Cl. The grain boundaries contained Cr-rich particles which were probably Cr23-C6 type carbides. In the matrix, corrosion occurred between the Widmanstatten plates. Particles were found between these plates, most of which were rich in Cr and O, and probably were Cr2-O3 oxides. Other matrix particles were found which were rich in Al, O, and S. The corrosion was related to these grain boundary and matrix particles, which either produced a Cr-depleted zone around them or were themselves attacked.

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Corrosion: High-Temperature Corrosion and Oxidation, ASM Failure Analysis Case Histories: Failure Modes and Mechanisms, ASM International, 2019

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